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Tuesday, 10 January 2017

IELTS Sports Vocabulary

IELTS Sports Vocabulary

 
Part 1-style task

Examiner: Do you do any sports?
Student: N
ot really … no … I always say I’m going to take up exercise and try to get into shape but I never seem to get started … I sometimes wonder whether  I should get a personal trainer … someone who will sort out a fitness programme for me and make me train hard ….

Examiner: How do you spend a typical weekend?
Student
: I’m a big football fan and weekends always centre around a football match … I support FC Utrecht and have a season ticket so I go to most of the home games and quite a few of the away games too  … I’m really looking forward to the new football season starting soon …

Examiner: Have you got any hobbies or interests?
Student: Yes … I’m really keen on sports … I do judo once a week and play tennis in the summer … I think it’s really important to keep fit … it makes you feel good and energised for work and your studies ….


Part 2-style task

Describe a place you like going to in your leisure time. You should say:
  • what this place is
  • when you go there
  • what you do there

and say why you enjoy it there so much.
I’d like to talk about my local sports centre … it’s a place I spend a lot of time in  … it’s a new building with all the latest sports facilities … I probably go there at least twice a week … sometimes more often … it’s a huge place … there’s an outdoor athletics track and some football pitches … I play football so I’m often out there … there are several indoor squash and tennis courts that I use occasionally … a big swimming pool … although I don’t use that very often … I’m not a very strong swimmer … there’s a gym … lots of things really … why do I enjoy going there … it’s just a really fun place to be … there’s a good social side to it all … you can enter competitions … meet up with other people who want to do the same sports … and because there are so many activities on offer it gets you interested in different things … for example I was listening to some people talking about training to run the marathon and I’ve decided I might even think about that … I go jogging a couple of times a week so it would give me something to aim for … so yes … the sports centre … that’s the place I really like to visit …


Part 3-style questions

Examiner: Should people be encouraged more to take up sport?
Student
: I think young people should be given the chance to discover which sport they might like … watching sport is sometimes a good way to get people started … not on TV but actually getting out … take athletics for example … they could go to an athletics meeting … there are so many different sports on show one might interest them …

Examiner: Why do some people enjoy participating in sport more than others?
Student
: That’s a good question … I suppose some people are more concerned about their health … they can’t stand the thought of being out of condition … other people might be driven to excel … they want to set records or get personal bests 

Examiner: Which sports do you think are best for people who aren’t used to physical activity?
Studen
t: Well … I think people like this should avoid strenuous exercise so things like circuit training are definitely out of the question … maybe just doing a brisk walk every day … or swimming is always a good way to get started …


Definitions

  • an athletics meeting: an event where various athletics sports are held
  • an athletics track: a running track
  • an away game: a football match played in the opposing teams stadium
  • a brisk walk: a fast walk
  • to do judo: (not go or play)
  • a football fan: someone who likes football
  • a fitness programme: a schedule of activities to keep fit
  • a football match: a game of football
  • a football pitch: the surface on which you play football (as opposed to a stadium, which is the building)
  • a football season: a period in the year when football is played
  • to get into shape: to become fit
  • to go jogging: to run around the streets
  • a home game:  a football match played in the teams own stadium
  • to keep fit: to stay in good physically condition
  • to be out of condition: to not be physically fit
  • a personal best: to achieve the best personal result so far in a sport
  • a personal trainer: a sports coach that helps you on a one-to-one basis
  • to play tennis/football: (not do or go)
  • to run the marathon: to run a distance of 42.195 Kilometres
  • a season ticket: a ticket that gives you entry to most of a team’s home games during the sporting year.
  • to set a record: to achieve the best result in a sport
  • a sports centre: a public building where people can do various sports
  • sports facilities: the equipment and services needed to do a sport
  • a squash/tennis/badminton court: the surface where you play these sports
  • strenuous exercise: exercise that needs a lot of physical effort
  • a strong swimmer: a good swimmer
  • a swimming pool: the place where you swim
  • to take up exercise: to start doing exercise
  • to train hard: to train with a lot of effort

IELTS Technology Vocabulary

IELTS Technology Vocabulary


Part 1-style task            
  
Examiner: Do you enjoy using technology?
Student:
 Well … I wouldn’t call myself a techie or a computer buff but I enjoy using computers … I’d like to find out more about  how they work … when my computer crashes I never know what to do.

Examiner: Do you use the Internet for your studies?
Student
: Yes … I’d be lost without it … I do lots of video conferencing to practise speaking and social media like Facebook is a good way to meet up with other students … and I download podcasts that teach English vocabulary and grammar.

Examiner: Do you have your own computer?
Student
: Yes … I have a Macbook Pro … I use it all the time … for word processing  browsing websites and catching up with TV programmes I’ve missed.


Part 2-style task

Describe an item of technology you have that is very important. You should say:

  • what the technology is
  • when you got it
  • how often you use it
and say how different your daily life would be without it.

Mattie: I don’t have many gadgets … just a computer … a laptop and my mobile phone … but I’ll talk about my computer as it’s so useful … it’s funny really … 2 years ago I was still learning to use computers … how to use email … send attachments how to access websites … then I decided to do a digital editing course for video and photography … and so I bought the laptop when I started the course  …  my husband had a desktop PC but it was very slow so I decided to upgradeto a powerful one because we do a lot of video editing on the course … it’s a high-spec laptop … very fast … the latest operating system … it boots up really quickly and it’s  fun to use so it makes working a pleasure … I’ve become a competent computer user now … if I didn’t have it I daresay I’d have to spend more time at college using their computers … but on the positive side I suppose I’d read a lot more if I didn’t have it  …  I probably waste a lot of time surfing the web … but hopefully I won’t have to be without it …


Part 3-style questions

Examiner: What do you think are the important things people need to learn when they start using computers?
Student: Well … there are things like how to use the Internet  … how to enter a web address … how to navigate websites … that kind of thing but it’s also important to know how to back upyour files in case your computer crashes … and all about Internet security.

Examiner: What kind of technological developments have made the biggest impact on our lives?
Student: In my lifetime it has to be the Internet of course but I also think wifi has made a huge difference to how we interact with the Internet … wireless networks at home and public wifi hotspots mean we can go online easily … access our mail … log into our work intranet and basically be connected wherever we are.

Examiner: Do computers make it much easier to study?
Student
: Definitely yes … researching information is much easier with the Internet .. you can bookmark webpages for future reference and writing essays is much easier … being able to cut and paste sections of text means you can experiment with organisation … so yes … compared to years ago when you had a pile of books on your desk and a pen and paper … it’s now much easier.

Definitions

  • to access websites/email: to locate
  • to back up files: to make a copy of files in case of a computer problem
  • to boot up: to start a computer
  • to bookmark a webpage: to mark a webpage for future reference
  • to browse websites: to look at websites
  • a computer buff: an expert computer user
  • to crash: to suddenly stop working
  • to cut and paste: to move text or images from one place in a document to another place
  • a desktop PC: a computer that isn’t portable and remains in situ on a desk
  • digital editing: to edit digital materials like audio or video files
  • download (podcasts): to save a copy of a file from the internet to your own device
  • to enter a web address: to type the address of a website into the address bar of your browser
  • a gadget: a technological tool like a mobile phone or camera
  • to go online: to start using the Internet
  • high-spec (laptop): powerful computer with top quality components
  • Internet security: Internet safety
  • intranet: a network of connected computers within an organisation that is not accessible by unauthorised visitors
  • to navigate a website: to find your way around a website
  • operating system: the software that tells the computer how to work
  • send an attachment: send an email with an accompanying file
  • social media: media used to interact with other people such as Facebook or Twitter
  • to surf the web: to look at a series of websites one after the other
  • a techie: somebody who has an interest in technology
  • to upgrade: to obtain a more powerful or feature-rich computer or piece of software
  • video conferencing: to see and hear people from different locations using the Internet
  • wireless hotspot: a public place where you can access the Internet
  • wireless network: a network where users can access the Internet without the use of fixed cables
  • word processing; producing written texts on a computer 

IELTS Relationships Vocabulary

IELTS Relationships Vocabulary


Part 1-style task

Examiner: Do you see your friends very often?
Student
: Yes … we meet up most weekends … we all get on really well and have a lot in commonso we’re always happy doing the same things and going to the same places.

Examiner: What do you like about your close friends?
Student
: I think we enjoy each other’s company … we see eye-to-eye on most things so we rarelyfall out with each other.

Examiner: Have you known each other long?
Student:
 Most of them yes … although my closest friend Carrie … we struck up a relationship at college and got on like a house on fire … but yes … my other friendships go back years to when we were at school.


Part 2-style task

Describe a person you are very close to. You should say:
  • who this person is
  • when you met them
  • where you met them

and say what it is about them you like so much.

Reiko: I’d like to talk about my boyfriend … Jose … we got to know each other at University almost 4 years ago … we were in the same department … initially we were just good friends and used to go out in a group with our other friends … when Jose went back to Spain for the holidays we would keep in touch with each other … then one year he invited me to come to Spain with him …  and that’s when we fell for each other I think … so you couldn’t really say it was love at first sight as it had been over a year since we’d met … but we really hit it off and by the time we got back to university in September we were able to tell all our friends that we were in a relationship … what do I like about Jose … well he’s very kind … very funny … and very supportive … and we’re really well matched in our interests … he hasn’t popped the question yet though … we’ve talked about getting married and I think we’re both ready to settle down and have children  … we’ll just have to wait and see …


Part 3-style questions

Examiner: Do you think marriage is still as important as ever?
Student
: Yes … it certainly is in my country … I think the problem for some people is a lack of commitment … all relationships have their ups and downs …. but some people prefer to break up rather than working at the relationship.

Examiner: What do you think is the ideal time to get married?
Student
: Personally … I think you should wait until you’ve found yourself first … decided if you want a career … perhaps do some travelling … you should do this before tying the knot … although if you fall head over heels in love plans like these can easily be forgotten.

Examiner: Is it important to keep in contact with our friends when we’re in a relationship?
Student
: Absolutely … it’s so easy to drift apart from your friends when you fall in love … but I think both partners should try not to lose touch with their friends  … that’s the best way to have a healthy relationship with your partner.


Definitions

  • to break up: to end a romantic relationship
  • to drift apart: to become less close to someone
  • to enjoy someone’s company: to like spending time with someone
  • to fall for: to fall in love
  • to fall head over heels in love: to start to love someone a lot
  • to fall out with: to have a disagreement and stop being friends
  • to get on like a house on fire: to like someone’s company very much indeed
  • to get on well with: to understand someone and enjoy similar interests
  • to get to know: to begin to know someone
  • to go back years: to have known someone for a long time
  • to have a lot in common: to share similar interests
  • to have ups and downs: to have good and bad times
  • a healthy relationship: a good, positive relationship
  • to hit it off: to quickly become good friends with
  • to be in a relationship: to be romantically involved with someone
  • to be just good friends: to not be romantically involved
  • to keep in touch with: to keep in contact with
  • to lose touch with: to not see or hear from someone any longer
  • love at first sight: to fall in love immediately you meet someone
  • to pop the question: to ask someone to marry you
  • to see eye to eye: to agree on a subject
  • to settle down: to give up the single life and start a family
  • to strike up a relationship:  to begin a friendship
  • to tie the knot: to get married
  • to be well matched: to be similar to
  • to work at a relationship: to try to maintain a positive relationship with someone

IELTS Holiday Vocabulary

IELTS Holiday Vocabulary


Part 1-style questions

Examiner: What kind of holiday do you like?
Student: I try to avoid tourist traps … I like to get away from it all and prefer going somewhere off the beaten track … last year I had the holiday of a lifetime … a two-week wildlife safari in Kenya.

Examiner: What do you like to do when you’re on holiday?
Student
: I enjoy visiting the local places of interest … I like to go sightseeing and always sign up for guided tours as it’s a chance to be shown around and take photographs … one of my hobbies.

Examiner: Do you have many tourists in your country?
Student
: Yes … we have a lot of holiday resorts along the coast that are popular with tourists … most people come on package holidays and stay in one of the many hotels and self-catering apartments.


Part 2-style task

Describe a beautiful place you once visited. You should say:
  • when you went to this place
  • where it was
  • who you went with

and say why you liked it so much.

A few years ago I went on a long weekend to the Lake District in the UK … it’s a very popular holiday destination in the north of England … I went on my own and had a wonderful time … I stayed in a youth hostel and met some really nice people … but the most memorable thing about the holiday were the breathtaking views … and lovely picturesque villages … it can get very busy with hordes of tourists so I decided to go out of season in the autumn  … the weather was fantastic and the shops were full of local crafts … a really great holiday … it’s certainly not the kind of short break for someone looking for a busy nightlife but if you want to relax in the middle of stunning landscape I would certainly recommend a holiday to the Lake District.


Part 3-style questions

Examiner: What do you think has led to the growth in the tourist industry?
Student
: It’s much easier and affordable to travel now … nowadays you can get cheap charter-flights or all-in packages … to somewhere near or to a far-off destination.

Examiner: How do people tend to choose a destination?
Student: The Internet is a great source of information and high street travel agents are still very popular … that’s where I like to go to get holiday brochures for the place I’m interested in.


Examiner: People sometimes say flying is the most glamorous form of travel. Do you agree?
Student:
 I’m not so sure really … flying can be quite boring  … queuing up at the check-in desk … going through passport control … sitting for ages in the departure lounge … then the flight itself can be quite uncomfortable … no … I’m not sure I agree.


Definitions

  • all-in package/package holiday: a holiday where you purchase the travel and accommodation together
  • breathtaking view: an extremely beautiful view
  • charter-flight: a cheaper form of flying than a scheduled flight
  • check-in desk: the place at the airport where you register for your flight and deposit your luggage
  • departure lounge: where you wait for your flight to be called
  • far-off destination: somewhere a long way away
  • to get away from it all: to take a holiday to escape a busy or stressful lifestyle
  • guided tour: an organised group shown around a place of interest by an expert
  • holiday brochure: a glossy publication with details of holiday packages
  • holiday destination: where you go for a holiday
  • holiday of a lifetime: a special holiday that you are unlikely to repeat
  • holiday resort: a place where lots of people go for a holiday
  • hordes of tourists: crowds of tourists
  • local crafts: objects produced locally
  • long weekend: an extended weekend holiday including Friday or Monday
  • out of season: outside of the main holiday period
  • picturesque village: very pretty village
  • passport control: the place where your passport is checked
  • places of interest: sites of interest to tourists
  • wildlife safari: a holiday, often in Africa, to observe wild animals
  • self-catering: a holiday where you supply your own food
  • short break: a short holiday
  • to go sightseeing:  to look around the tourist sites
  • stunning landscape: extremely beautiful countryside
  • travel agent: a shop that specialises in booking holidays
  • tourist trap: somewhere where too many tourists go
  • youth hostel: a cheap form of accommodation

IELTS Accommodation Vocabulary

IELTS Accommodation Vocabulary


Part 1-style questions

Examiner: Do you live in a house or an apartment?
Student:
 Actually I live on campus … in a single room in halls of residence … all first year students are encouraged to do that as they’re close to the university … next year I plan to move intostudent digs in town …

Examiner: Tell me about where you live.
Student:
 I live with my parents in the suburbs of Madrid … we only moved in recently … in fact we had a house-warming party just a few weeks ago …

Examiner: What kind of accommodation do most people live in in your city?
Student:
 In the city itself the majority of people live in apartment blocks … that’s what surprised me about England … most people seem to live in terraced houses with lovely back gardens 

Part 2-style task

Describe a house or an apartment you would like to live in. You should say
what kind of accommodation it would be
where it would be
who would live there with you
and say why you would enjoy living in this place.

I think most people when answering this question would say they’d like to live in a bigdetached house with spacious rooms … views of the countryside and so on … but actually myideal home would be a lot different … I’ve always loved the idea of having a mobile home … a really expensive one with all the mod cons … so I could live wherever I wanted or at least have lots of holidays and be able to take all my home comforts with me whenever I travelled … I realise this would have to be a second home as I’d need a base … a permanent address … but the mobile home would be the accommodation I’d find it exciting to live in … I suppose once I settle down and have children I’ll want to get on the property ladder … I’ll be like everyone else … saving upto put down a deposit on a house or an apartment … I don’t think my family would want to live in a mobile home … but I like to think I’ll still keep that dream home in mind …


Part 3-style questions

Examiner: Is it better to own your own home or to rent?
Student:
 I think both have their advantages … living in rented accommodation isn’t necessarily a bad thing … you don’t have a huge debt like you do when you take out a mortgage but I suppose theproperty market offers you an investment for the future … I’m sure that’s why most people preferto own their own home 

Examiner: What options are available to young couples looking for accommodation in your country?
Student:
 If they want to buy their own home it isn’t easy for first-time buyers … mortgages are hard to get so most people live with their parents or in rented accommodation … but that can also be very expensive … you often have to pay rent in advance … and if the accommodation isn’t fully furnished you have the expense of buying furniture …

Examiner: What are some of the pleasures involved in making a home for ourselves?
Student:
 I suppose it starts with house-hunting … finding your ideal home … some people enjoydoing up an old property … giving a property that’s old and tired a new lease of life … others like making wherever they live feel like home with some home comforts 


Definitions

  • (all the) mod cons: technology at home that makes jobs easier such as a washing machine, dishwasher etc.
  • apartment block: a large building made up of smaller units of apartments
  • back garden: a garden at the rear of the house
  • detached house: a house that is not physically connected to another property
  • to do up a property: to repair an old building
  • dream home: a home you regard as perfect
  • first-time buyer: someone buying a property for the first time, especially when taking out a loan (mortgage)
  • fully-furnished: a rented property with all furniture included
  • to get on the property ladder: to buy a property with the aim of buying another bigger or more expensive one later in life
  • hall of residence: a college or university building where students live
  • home comforts: things that make a home feel comfortable to live in
  • house-hunting: looking for a property to live in
  • house-warming party: a party to celebrate moving into a new home
  • ideal home: a perfect home
  • to live on campus: to live on the university or college grounds
  • mobile home: a home that can be moved by a vehicle or one that has its own engine
  • to move into: to begin to live in a property
  • to own your own home: to have bought the property you live in
  • to pay rent in advance: weekly or monthly rent paid at the beginning of the week or month
  • permanent address: a fixed address
  • property market: the buying and selling of land or buildings
  • to put down a deposit: to pay an amount of money as the first in a series of future payments
  • rented accommodation: property owned by someone else and for which a person pays a fixed amount to live in
  • single room: a room for one person
  • spacious room: a large room
  • student digs: student accommodation
  • the suburbs: a residential area on the edge of towns or cities
  • to take out a mortgage: to borrow a large amount of money, paid back over several years, in order to buy a house
  • terraced house: a house connected on both sides by other properties